(Silap Inua) In Inuit mythology, Silap Inua or Silla was, similar to mana or ether, the primary component of everything that exists; it is also the breath of life and the method of locomotion for any movement or change. Silla is believed to control everything that goes on in one's life.
Silla is a deity of the sky, the wind, and of weather. Though identified as male, he is never depicted, and thought to be formless. There are very few myths in which Silla is a character, because he is not thought to have many personality characteristics. He also represents a concept somewhat akin to the Hindu idea of Paramatman, or Emerson’s idea of the great Over soul: Silla is also the substance of which souls are made of. Contrary to the Christian missionaries who have identified Nanook the polar bear spirit as the supreme deity of the Inuit, Silla is much closer to this role. However, Silla also has a somewhat malevolent aspect: he is known to lure children away from their play off into the tundra, never to be seen again.
Among the many various Eskimo cultures, term silap inua / sila, hillap inua / hilla (among Inuit), ellam yua / ella (among Yup'ik) is used with some diversity. In many instances it refers “outer space”, “intellect”, “weather”, “sky”, “universe”: there may be some correspondence with the presocratic concept of logos.
Shamanhood among Eskimo peoples was a diverse phenomenon, just like the various Eskimo cultures themselves. Among Copper Inuit, shamans were believed to obtain their power from this “Wind Indweller”, thus even their helping spirits were termed as silap inue.
Among Siberian Yupik, [sl?am ju?wa] was depicted as a mighty hunter, catching game just like earthly men, but being capable of controlling whether people paid attention to customs and traditions. In Sireniki Eskimo language, the word [si?l^(j)a] has meanings “universe”, “outer world”, “space”, “free space”, “weather”.
According to the interpretations of anthropologists, Silla is one of the oldest Inuit deities, but was recently (in the last thousand years) supplanted by Sedna, (the goddess of sea mammals) and the Caribou Mother (the goddess of caribou) when these became the major food sources of the Inuit. Anthropologists believe that the belief is extremely old because of the widespread nature of this deity. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silap_Inua
(Sedna) "In Inuit mythology, Sedna (Inuktitut Sanna, ) is a deity and goddess of the marine animals, especially mammals such as seals. She lives in and rules over Adlivun, the Inuit underworld. Sedna is also known as Arnakuagsak or Arnarquagssaq (Greenland) and Nerrivik (northern Greenland) or Nuliajuk (District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories). Although Sedna is sometimes thought to predominate throughout the Canadian Arctic she was known by other names by different Inuit groups. One example of this is Arnapkapfaaluk (big bad woman)  of the Copper Inuit from the Coronation Gulf area." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedna_(mythology)
(Adlivun) "In Inuit mythology, Adlivun (those beneath us; also known as Idliragijenget) refers to both the spirits of the departed who reside in the underworld, and that underworld itself, located beneath the land and the sea. The souls are purified there, in preparation for the travel to the Land of the Moon (Quidlivun), where they find eternal rest and peace. Sedna, Tornarsuk and the tornat (spirits of animals and natural formations) and tupilak (souls of dead people) live in Adlivun, which is usually described as a frozen wasteland. Sedna is the ruler of the land, and is said to imprison the souls of the living as part of the preparation for the next stage of their journey."
"When an Inuk dies, they are wrapped in caribou skin and buried. Elderly corpses have their feet pointing towards west or southwest, while children's feet point east or southeast and young adults towards the south. Three days of mourning follow, with relatives staying in the deceased's hut with nostrils closed by a piece of caribou skin. After three days, the mourners ritualistically circle the grave three times, promising venison to the spirit, which is then brought when the grave is visited. The psychopomps Pinga and Anguta bring the souls of the dead to Adlivun, where they must stay for one year before moving on." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adlivun
(Pana) "In Inuit mythology, Pana was the god who cared for souls in the underworld (Adlivun) before they were reincarnated." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pana
(Tornarsuk) "In Inuit mythology, Tornarsuk is a god of the underworld and head of the protective gods known as the tornat." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tornarsuk
(Pinga) "In Inuit mythology, Pinga ("the one who is up on high") was a goddess of the hunt, fertility and medicine. She was also the psychopomp, bringing souls of the newly-dead to Adlivun, the underworld." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinga
(Anguta) "Anguta is the father of the sea goddess Sedna in Inuit mythology. In certain myths, Anguta, also called "His Father" is considered the creator-god and is the supreme being among of the Inuit people. In other myths, however, Anguta is merely a mortal widower. His name, meaning "man with something to cut," refers to his mutilating of his daughter which ultimately resulted in her godhood, an act he carried out in both myths. Anguta is a psychopomp, ferrying souls from the land of the living to the underworld, where his daughter rules, called Adlivun. Those souls must then sleep there for a year. He is also known as Aguta." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anguta
(Nanook) "In Inuit mythology, Nanook or Nanuq (Inuktitut syllabics: ), which is from the Inuit language for polar bear, was the master of bears, meaning he decided if hunters had followed all applicable taboos and if they deserved success in hunting bears." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanook
(Ataksak) "Ataksak is a goddess in Inuit mythology. She is the ruler of the sky, and represents the light in the world that brings joy and happiness to the people." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ataksak
(Caribou mother) "The Caribou Mother is an Inuit deity who represents the source of caribou, formerly a vital food source for the Inuit people. She is seen as gigantic, with people and caribou as lice on her enormous body." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caribou_mother
(Arnakuagsak in Greenland.) "In Inuit mythology, Arnakuagsak ("old woman from the sea") was an Inuit goddess, one of the primary deities of the religion, who was responsible for ensuring the hunters were able to catch enough food and that the people remained healthy and strong. She was worshipped primarily in Greenland, but was essentially equivalent to the Canadian Sedna or Arnapkapfaaluk and the Alaskan Nerrivik." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnakuagsak (Nerrivik in northern Greenland. Possibly Alaska too.) "In Inuit mythology, Nerrivik was the sea-mother and provider of food for the Inuit people. She was the patron of fisherman and hunters. In Canada, she was known as either Sedna or Arnapkapfaaluk and in Greenland, she was Arnakuagsak." "Nerrivik married the storm-god, who afterwards produced a storm at sea while her male relatives were ferrying her back to their homeland secretly when her husband had been absent hunting. Her relatives having cast her overboard in order to calm the storm, her grandfather cut off the hand with which she continued to grasp the boat; therefore she is now, one-handed, at the bottom of the sea. (Rasmussen, 1921, p. 113) [This myth is from the Polar Eskimo, of Smith Sound (in northern Greenland).]" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nerrivik
(Darker interpretations of Sedna.)
(Arnapkapfaaluk in northern Canada.) "Arnapkapfaaluk (big bad woman) was the sea goddess of the Inuit people of Canada's Coronation Gulf area. Although occupying the equivalent position to Sedna within Inuit mythology, in that she had control of the animals of the seas, she was noticeably different as can be seen by the English translation of her name. Arnapkapfaaluk was not the beneficent goddess that Sedna was. Instead, she inspired fear in hunters. Rather than providing the Copper Inuit with the seals and other marine mammals, she would withhold them. The breaking of a taboo or other indiscretion would result in an unsuccessful hunt." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnapkapfaaluk (Nuliajuk. Also northern Canada.) "Nuliajuk is a goddess of the Netsilik Eskimo. According to Rasmussen  she lives on the bottom of the sea and controls sea-mammal (seals, walruses, and sea-lions) : whenever humans have neglected to observe ritual prohibitions, she imprisons the sea-mammals within the drip-basin under her lamp (making them unavailable to hunters), so that shamans must conjure her so as to release them. Nuliajuk is co-wife with Isarraitaitsoq : their husband is the sea-scorpion. They have an adopted baby, which they stole "from a sleeping mother when her husband was out hunting at the breathing holes."" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuliajuk
(Qailertetang) "Qailertetang is an Inuit female deity who cares for animals, fishers, and hunters, and who controls the weather. She dwells with her companion Sedna at the bottom of the sea, in the company of seals, whales, and other sea creatures. Qailertetang is depicted as a "large woman of very heavy limbs". In rituals, she is served by a two-spirit male shaman "dressed in a woman's costume and wearing a mask made of seal-skin"." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qailertetang
(Tarquiup Inua) "In Inuit mythology, Tarquiup Inua, also known as Tarqeq, is a lunar deity." "Tarquiup Inua is a god of fertility, the morally righteous and for the Inuit of Alaska - the animals. The spirit of the moon is a man, a mighty hunter who dwells in the skies." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarquiup_Inua
(Tekkeitsertok) "In Inuit mythology, Tekkeitsertok is a god of hunting and the master of caribou, one of the most important hunting gods in the pantheon." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tekkeitsertok
(Torngarsuk) "In Inuit mythology, Torngasuk (or Torngasak) is a very powerful sky god, one of the more important deities in the Inuit pantheon. Torngarsuk is listed as a demon or spirit in the Dictionnaire Infernal - aka. Tornatik, Torngarsoak, Torngasoak, Tungrangayak etc. is a mischievous demon/spirit worshiped by offering in Greenland and the northeastern regions of Canada. Torngarsuk is the chief and most powerful supernatural being in Greenland. He appears in the form of a bear, or a one-armed man, or as a grand human creature like one of the fingers of a hand. He is considered to be invisible to everyone but the angakoqs (the medicine men or shamans among Eskimo peoples). These conflicting descriptions leave us unsure as to his form, but as a grand spirit or demon Torngarsuk is invoked by fishermen and by the angakoqs when one falls ill. There are other spirits invisible to everyone but the Anguekkok, who teach men how to be happy see Torngarsuk as their benefactor when the Anguekkok call upon them they ask that if he does not come that he leave them "in the land of plenty". Each Anguekkok keeps a familiar spirit in a leather bottle which he evokes & consults like an oracle, this familiar spirit seeks Torngarsuk in a cave and brings good fortune as well as healing power." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torngarsuk
(Asiaq) "In Inuit mythology, Asiaq is a weather goddess (or, more rarely a god) and was quite frequently invoked by the angakoq for good weather." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asiaq
(Kadlu) "In Inuit mythology, Kadlu refers to either one goddess or three sisters who presided over thunder." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kadlu
(Malina) "Malina is a solar deity in Inuit mythology. She is found most commonly in the legends of Greenland that link her closely with the lunar deity Anningan, her brother. Malina is constantly fleeing from Anningan as the result of strife between the two (legends vary as to the cause). Their constant chase is the traditional explanation for the movement of the sun and moon through the sky." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malina
(Akhlut) "In Inuit mythology, Akhlut is a spirit that takes the form of both a wolf and an orca. It is a vicious, dangerous beast. Its tracks can be recognized because they are wolf tracks that lead to and from the ocean. Often, dogs seen walking to the ocean and/or into it are considered evil. Little is known of this spirit, not many myths relate to it." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akhlut
(Amarok) "Amarok is the name of a gigantic wolf in Inuit mythology. It is said to hunt down and devour anyone foolish enough to hunt alone at night. Unlike real wolves who hunt in packs, Amarok hunts alone. It is sometimes considered equivalent to the waheela of cryptozoology." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amarok_(wolf)
(Ijiraq) "In Inuit mythology the ijiraq is a sort of boogeyman who kidnaps children and hides them away and abandons them. The inuksugaq (or inukshuk) of stone allow these children to find their way back if they can convince the ijiraq to let them go. Ijiraq, a moon of Saturn, is named for this creature." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ijiraq_(mythology)
(Qiqirn) "In Inuit mythology, Qiqirn is a large, bald dog spirit. It is a frightening beast, but also skittish and foolish. Men and dogs run from it, and it runs from men and dogs. It has hair on its feet, ear, mouth and the tip of its tail. When people approach it, they suffer fits. One way to scare it away is to shout its name." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qiqirn
(Saumen Kar) "Saumen Kar (pronounced shō'men kahr) literally means 'Man of Snow', and is the name given by the Inuit people in the settlements of Northern Greenland to a mythological figure similar to the yeti and abominable snowman." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saumen_Kar
(Tizheruk) "In Inuit mythology, the Tizheruk is a mythical large snake-like creature that is said to inhabit the waters near Key Island, Alaska. This legend was first started by the Inuit. It is said to have a 7 foot head and a tail with a flipper. The local natives claim that it has snatched people off piers without them noticing its presence. It is also called Pal-Rai-Yûk. It is said to be similar to Naitaka of the Okanakanes (Ogopogo) and the Haietlik of the Nootka." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tizheruk